Diverse and rich flora of Kyrgyzstan. This is facilitated by the dissection of the relief, the big elevation changes, alternating ridges and intermontane basins, isolated to varying degrees. On the territory of Kyrgyzstan can meet representatives of different types of vegetation: Central, North and Southwest, and, of course, Tien Shan, Alai. In the lowland plains and low foothills dominated by sagebrush desert. In the mid-spread steppes, meadows, forests and shrubs. In high alpine meadows are, cryophilic cushion and mountain tundra. On the stony-gravelly areas encountered thorny. The most widely used spruce, juniper and walnut-fruit forests - the largest forest in the world. They are located on the south-west of Kyrgyzstan in the Fergana and Chatkal ranges at an altitude of 1,000 to 2,200 m above sea level. There grow walnut, apple, pear, plum, cherry, currant and raspberry. Also, there are forests of spruce and fir, maple, poplar, willow and birch.
Widespread shrubs: karaganniki, vishenniki, rosaries, pistachio, almond, alychovniki, oblepishniki, barbarisniki, willow and others flood plains rising sea buckthorn, wild rose, willow. Ubiquitous Tien Shan mountain ash. In the alpine meadows at an altitude of 3000 m above sea level grow edelweiss, dandelion, Alpine Aster, Semenov onion, cold primroses and other plants. In forests, steppes and meadows there are different kinds of mushrooms. Flora of Kyrgyzstan is rich in useful plants, including drugs such as ephedra, plantain, yarrow, sage, rose, marjoram, St. John's wort, etc.
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