The largest is Lake Issyk-Kul. It has a length of 178 km, maximum width of 60 km. The greatest depth of 668 m of the lake surface area of about 6200 square meters. miles. The average water level of the lake about 1600 feet above sea level. The lake has a high mineral content of water 5.8 g / l. Issyk-Kul lake does not freeze in winter. The water temperature in winter drops to 4 ° C. In summer the water is heated to 24 ° C. In the Issyk-Kul lake falls more than 80 small rivers originating on the slopes of the ridges and Kungey Terskey Ala-Too, bordering the lake. Issyk-Kul lake has no outlet. Developed on the lake shipping. The main piers are Balykchy and Karakol.
Lake Issyk-Kul Lake and its basin have balneological and favorable natural conditions. There is a lot of resorts, spas, resorts, travel agencies. Nevertheless, using only a small portion of the resources of the lake. Prospects for the development of this trend are enormous. Lake Son-Kul and Chatyrkul located at an altitude of 3,000 m above sea level and its size is considerably inferior to the lake Issyk-Kul. Lake Sarah is Chelek landslide origin and located at an altitude of 1870 m above sea level. The greatest depth of 324 meters of the lake The lake was formed when the river valley rubble rock falls and landslides. Merzbacher lake of glacial origin and is located between the glaciers of the Southern and Northern Enylchek at an altitude of 3200 m above sea level. Kyrgyzstan has a large reserve of underground fresh water, mineral and thermal vod.Tipy mineral and thermal waters of Kyrgyzstan are varied and rich. Kyrgyzstan also has rich deposits of therapeutic muds and silts silt-peat origin. These deposits are mainly located in the area of Lake Issyk-Kul, Chui region of Kyrgyzstan in the south. The climate of Kyrgyzstan is extremely diverse. In some areas it is continental, the other close to the sea. In most of the Kyrgyz climate is temperate. In the south of Kyrgyzstan's climate is subtropical. Annual and daily temperatures are smoothed. There are signs of dryness. Seasons clearly expressed. The duration of the day in December is 9 hours, 15 hours in June. In the mountains, precipitation is greater, and the temperature is lower than in the plains. Unfrozen lake Issyk-Kul has a moderating effect on temperature in the vicinity of the lake. In winter, at 3-5 ° C warmer than in other areas, and in summer there is no sweltering heat. The average January temperature in the lowland areas, and the Issyk-Kul is -9 degrees. To -4 degrees Celsius. C, average July temperature is in the same 20 degrees C -27 degrees Celsius. The absolute minimum winter air temperatures reach -50 ° C in the Ak-Sai. The absolute maximum temperature in summer reaches 43 ° C - 44 ° C in the Chui Valley and southern Kyrgyzstan. The annual amount of precipitation in the lowland areas of Kyrgyzstan is 230-500 mm. In mountainous areas annual rainfall may reach 1500 mm. In the warm season precipitation is greater than in the cold. The most overcast sky observed in the late winter and early spring. Thunderstorms in Kyrgyzstan - a phenomenon frequently. The greatest number of thunderstorms is in June and July.
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